Different Types of Investigations
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What types of investigator jobs exist? Discover all investigator careers here with info on crime scene, insurance fraud, private, accident investigators & more. A wide variety of private investigations services exist. If you are interested in becoming a PI of sorts, your job responsibilities could range from gathering evidence from airplane crashes, to following spouses suspected of adultery, to even investigating the possibility of paranormal occurrences in a place of residence.
Though attaining information is the primary focus of any private investigation, both the type of client and type of information you are researching can cover a wide range of specialties. Because there are many job opportunities within the private investigation field, it’s best to keep an open mind as you begin your career.Investigator careers are best suited for people who are attentive to details, are incredibly patient, and can focus intently. Take a look at some private investigation careers that are available.
The best known investigators include arson, computer forensics (cyber), legal (criminal defense), corporate, financial, insurance, civil/domestic, store (loss prevention) and hotel.
- Fire investigators often work directly for fire departments to determine whether the cause of a fire is natural or arson.
- Cyber/computer forensic investigators specialize in computers and technology-related crime, applying analysis and investigative techniques to gather evidence from the high-tech world.
- Legal investigators obtain information for lawyers to assist in the preparation of criminal defense cases.
- Corporate investigators work on the staff of a company rather than having their own agency.
- Financial investigators develop financial background reports or search for assets to recover judgments in fraud and theft cases.
- Insurance investigators examine claims in personal injury cases, which can be susceptible to fraudulent activity.
- Civil/domestic investigators pursue cases such as infidelity, child support or parental custody, typically using surveillance.
- Store detectives prevent or catch shoplifters and other kinds of store losses through employee or vendor theft.
- Hotel detectives protect the property of guests, employees or parts of the hotel itself from theft.
Private investigators are experts at tracking down information. They work for a variety of clients who want facts and evidence to resolve legal questions, financial disputes and personal matters. Private investigators have traditionally taken on all types of cases and use established investigative methods of combing through public records, conducting interviews and carrying out surveillance to find facts. However, with cases and legal issues progressively becoming more complex, the field has become more specialized, and several types of private investigations have emerged.
General Private Investigations
Primary or general private investigators gather different types of information for clients with different needs. Private citizens may hire them to trace missing family members or to gather information for child custody disputes or a contentious divorce case. Business owners may need financial information about someone who refuses to pay a debt, or they may want help recovering stolen property. General private investigators use traditional techniques such as surveillance, background inquiries and online research to piece together answers for their clients. For cases that require special skills, a general investigator may oversee the investigation but also call in specialists to assist.
Private investigators sometimes are needed to help people prepare for court cases. They collect evidence through interviews, surveillance, and through background checks of other parties involved in the litigation. Investigators involved in trial preparation must understand the rules of evidence and court procedures to ensure that the information they gather is obtained legally and can be admitted in a court of law.
Corporate or financial private investigators specialize in gathering information for business and industry. Corporate managers considering an acquisition or merger may ask an investigator to review the history, financial performance and past clients of the company in question. Business leaders rely on the information investigators uncover to protect their interests and investments. Businesses also use private investigators to conduct background checks on new employees. They may also be responsible for reviewing financial, computer and telephone records and conducting other types of internal investigations if there is a suspicion of employee fraud or theft.
Workers Compensation & Personal Injury Investigations
Workplace injuries can be costly for insurance companies that pay claims, and for business owners who face steep premium hikes in the wake of an accident. Private investigators routinely check out workers compensation claims when there is a suspicion that an employee is faking or exaggerating an injury. Investigators may interview neighbors and acquaintances about a victim’s activity to see if his behavior contradicts any claim of disability. They may also conduct background checks looking for prior claims, medical history and financial problems that might have triggered a false claim. Surveillance and gathering photos and video of injury victims is typically part of the job.
The digital age has opened the door to new types of conflicts and crimes, and some private investigators now specialize in cyber investigations. Cases can range from tracking the source of anonymous cyber bullying to solving an incident of identity theft. Cyber investigation requires technical training on tracking and retrieving information from computer hard drives, and many courses now offer certificate programs in computer forensics geared toward private investigators who must follow certain rules of evidence when gathering data.
Family Law Investigations
In the course of a divorce or child custody battle, private and personal family matters may be revealed. When it comes to legal proceedings, evidence is needed to assist one’s case. This is where a family law investigator can help. These private eyes are hired to procure evidence to back up a spouse’s claims in court. Family law investigators can consult with divorce lawyers to determine what specific evidence is necessary to prove a given case.
Factual investigation refers to the process of gathering information about the facts of a particular case, issue, or cause. In a trial setting, this type of work might entail doing discovery—that is, obtaining access to potentially relevant documents and testimony—and/or interviewing witnesses. In a policy advocacy setting, factual investigation refers to the assembly of facts and figures regarding an issue to elucidate its complexities or support a particular stance.
Is Private Investigation Legal?
Private investigation is in fact, legal. There are now many organizations and companies that provide private eye investigations for various fields. Private Eye is one company that provides you with a well-trained and professional private eye who will see to it that your needs are complied with. Should you wish to learn more information, browse through our website and read on about the best quality service that we can offer you.
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